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Oklahoma Gardening

Transcript for April 18, 2015

THIS WEEK SEGMENTS:

  • Planting a Clematis Vine Properly with former host Brenda Sanders
  • Campus Tree Study and the Value of Trees in the Landscape with former host Steve Dobbs and Chris Martin, Stillwater Urban Forester
  • Grafting Techniques for Vegetable Plants with Professor Bruce Dunn
  • Labeling at The Botanic Garden at OSU.


Planting a Clematis Vine Properly with former host Brenda Sanders

>> CLEMATIS IS A GREAT VINE TO PUT IN YOUR GARDEN.

ONE OF THE REASONS IT'S NOT ONE OF THOSE OVER POWERING FINES THAT CAN TAKE OVER.

THEY'RE PRETTY WELL BEHAVED AND THE OTHER THING IS THE RANGE OF COLORS THAT YOU CAN GET WITH THESE NICE LARGE BLOOMS ON THEM IS WONDERFUL.

AND WHAT WE'RE GOING TO PLANT HIRE TODAY IS A WHITE CLEMATIS.

IT WILL SHOW UP NICELY IN THE BACK OF THIS BED WE HAVE HERE WHERE WE HAVE A LOT OF COLOR.

THE WHITE WILL HELP SET THAT COLOR OFF.

WHEN YOU PLANT A CLEMATIS.

IT IS IMPORTANT TO DO YOUR HOMEWORK FIRST.

THEY LIKE TO HAVE GOOD DRAINAGE AND THEY LIKE TO BE KEPT MOISTURE.

YOU'RE NOT GOING TO WANT IT IN A PLACE THAT IS DOWN IN THE BOTTOM.

YOU WANT TO HAVE GOOD DRAINAGE OFF OF IT AND YOU WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT YOUR SOIL IS WELL AMENDED.

NOW, WE HAVE WELL AMENDED SOIL HERE BUT YOU CAN SEE WE STILL, AS I DUG DOWN, WE STILL GOT QUITE A BIT OF CLAY HERE.

SO WHAT I'M GOING TO DO IS TAKE COMPOST AND WORK THAT IN TO THE BOTTOM OF THE HOLE THAT I DUG AND ALSO, WE'RE GOING TO PUT SOME OF THIS IN WITH OUR BACK FILTER AND KIND OF MIX THAT UP AS WHICH PLANT IN.

I'M GOING TO DUMP THAT OUT HERE.

SO WE CAN MIX THAT IN LATER.

THE OTHER THING ABOUT CLEMATIS THAT IS DIFFERENT THAN MOST EVERY OTHER PLANT IS YOU ACTUALLY WANT TO PLANNED IT ABOUT TWO INCHES DEEPER THAN IT IS IN THE POT.

MOST YOU WANT AT LEVEL OR SLIGHTLY ABOVE.

THERE ARE TWO REASONS FOR THIS.

ONE IS IT HELPS THE PLANTS GET MORE CHUTES.

IT LOOKS LIKE IT HAS A GOOD ROOT SYSTEM ON IT.

THAT IS GOOD.

AND THEN WE GO AHEAD AND SIT THAT DOWN.

AND WHEN WE DO THAT, WE WANT TO REMOVE THE FOLIAGE DOWN HERE THAT IS BELOW SOIL LEVEL BECAUSE WE DON'T WANT THAT TO ROT.

SO WE'RE GOING TO REMOVE THAT.

NOW THE OTHER REASON YOU WANT TO PLANT THEM A LITTLE BIT DEEPER IS THAT CLEMATIS ARE PRONE TO A DISEASE CALLED CLEMATIS WILT.

IF YOU HAVE THEM PLANTED A LITTLE DEEPER, THEY'LL COME BACK FROM UNDER THE GROUND IF THE WHOLE TOP WILTS.

THAT'S WHY.

I GOT ALL THESE LEAVES OFF.

SO I'M GOING TO PUT THIS DOWN IN THE HOLE.

NOW, WHILE I AM ‑‑ YOU KNOW, I PUT THE COMPOST IN HERE.

YOU CAN ADD A LITTLE BIT OF BONE MEAL.

THAT HELPS GIVE IT A FEW NUTRIENTS.

BONE MEAL IS NOT REAL STRONG FERTILIZER.

NOT GOING TO BURN THE ROOTS.

BUT IT GIVES IT A LITTLE BOOST AS YOU PLANT.

THEN WE GO AHEAD AND FILL THIS IN.

AND FIRM IT DOWN LIKE YOU WOULD WITH ANOTHER PLANT.

DON'T WANT ANY AIR HOLES DOWN THERE.

ALL RIGHT,  ONCE I'VE GOT THIS PLANTED

I WANT TO WATER IT AND YOU WANT TO SPREAD A LITTLE BIT OF MULCH HERE.

CLEMATIS LIKE TO HAVE THEIR FOOT IN THE SHADE AND THEIR HEAD IN THE SUN.

WHAT WILL HAPPEN HERE IS WE HAVE THIS BORDER.

THEY'RE GOING TO SHADE THE ROOTS.

I WANT TO MULCH THIS IN.

IF YOU DIDN'T HAVE OTHER PLANTS AROUND, YOU CAN PLANT GROUND COVER OR PUT ROCKS AROUND THE ROOTS FOR SHADE.

NOW, I'VE PLANTED IT HERE.

ACTUALLY, IF YOU NOTICE, PLANT IT OUT OF FENCE A LITTLE A BIT.

YOU WANT IT TO BE OUT FROM YOUR STRUCTURE JUST A BIT.

ESPECIALLY IF IT IS SOMETHING LIKE THIS OR IF YOU'RE GOING TO PLANT IT ON A WALL SO YOU CAN GET RAIN.

IF IT'S RIGHT UP NEXT TO IT, IT'S NOT GOING TO GET AS MUCH RAIN UP HERE AS IT IS OUT HERE.

OTHER THING THAT I'M GOING TO DO, I'M GOING TO REMOVE THE POSTS THAT IT CAME WITH BECAUSE THEY'RE KIND OF USELESS AT THIS POINT.

IT WORKS WELL WHILE IT IS IN THE NURSERY, TO KEEP THE VINES FROM BEING TANGLED UP.

IT'S NOT GOING TO HELP US OUT MUCH ONCE WE GOT IT PLANTED.

AND YOU CAN COME IN AND CUT BACK YOUR VINE A LITTLE BIT.

NOW, THIS ONE IS ACTUALLY REALLY GOT QUITE A FEW CHUTES ON IT.

RIGHT HERE, YOU CAN SEE RIGHT ABOVE A BUD, I CUT IT FLAT.

RIGHT ABOVE THERE AND THAT WILL CAUSE IT TO GO AHEAD AND BRING IT BELOW.

RIGHT HERE.

COME IN ABOVE THAT BUD AND SEE WHERE THEY COME OUT.

AND THAT ALSO HELPS THEM GET IT LOOSE FROM THE POST HERE.

NOW, WE HAVE IT TRAINED UP AGAINST THIS FENCE AND CLEMATIS ARE IN THE CLIMBING GROUP OF VINES SO THEY NEED SOMETHING A LITTLE SMALLER THAN THIS FENCE TO GRAB ON TO.

THESE ARE A CROSS BETWEEN A TWINER AND SOMETHING THAT HAS TENDRILS BECAUSE THESE LITTLE LEAF CHUTES ACT LIKE A TENDRIL.

THEY'LL GRAB AROUND ANYTHING SMALL BUT YOU NOTICE IT'S NOT GOING TO GRAB AROUND THIS.

SO WHAT WOULD HELP WITH MY VINE TRAINING IS TO GET SOMETHING LIKE SOME WIRE CAGES OR PANELS OR SOMETHING LIKE THIS THAT MY VINES COULD CLIMB AROUND.

THIS WOULD BE VERY GOOD.

TO PUT BACK HERE ALONG THE FENCE.

AND WE ON COULD JUST ATTACH IT TO THE FENCE.

NOW, YOU COULD USE SOMETHING LIKE ONE OF THOSE FAN TRELLISES.

MAKE SURE THE TRELLISES IS FIRMLY IN THE GROUND SO THAT AFTER YOUR VINE GROWS, IT IS NOT GOING TO PULL YOUR TRELLIS OVER WITH THE WEIGHT.

BASICALLY THEN WE CAN TAKE AND START TRAINING OUR VINE ON THESE.

OUR TRELLIS.

AND ANOTHER THING IS TO KIND OF IF YOU CAN, AS YOU GO, TRAIN THEM KIND OF HORIZONTALLY TO BEGIN WITH.

RIGHT HERE.

TIE IT ON HORIZONTALLY.

THAT WAY YOU CAN SPACE THESE OUT.

THIS REALLY HAS A LOT OF CHUTES.

IT WILL BE GOOD TO WORK WITH.

AND COME IN AND JUST TIE THEM ON.

THAT'S THE THING ABOUT A CLEMATIS.

IF YOU PAY ATTENTION AT THE BEGINNING AND GET IT TRAINED RIGHT, THEY BECOME MAINTENANCE FREE AND PROVIDE A LOT OF ENJOYMENT FOR THE GARDEN.

 

Labeling at The Botanic Garden at OSU.

>> HELLO, MY NAME IS COURTNEY DE KALB, A SENIOR STUDYING HORTICULTURE BUSINESS.

BEEN HERE FOR 3 YEARS NOW DOING DATABASE PLANT SESSIONING WHERE WE USE NUMBERS TO LOOK THEM UP IN THE DATABASE.

WE ALSO USE DOG TAGS LIKE YOU SEE HERE.

WITH THE SESSION NUMBERS, IF WE LOSE THE LABELS, WE CAN LOOK UP THE PLANTS AND REPLACE THE LABELS.

WE LIKE TO KEEP THEM LABOR TOLD KNOW WHAT WE'RE LOOKING AT IN CASE THEY'RE INTERESTED IN PURCHASING IT FOR THEIR OWN.

WE ALSO LIKE TO KEEP TRACK OF WHAT IS DOING WELL IN SLOW, WHAT IS NOT DOING SO WELL IN OKLAHOMA AND THOSE SORTS OF THINGS.

I INITIALLY GOT INTERESTED IN HORTICULTURE BECAUSE I WAS VEGETABLE GARDENING AT HOME WITH MY DAD AND DECIDED THIS IS WHAT I WANTED TO DO SO I CAME TO OKLAHOMA STATE.

I ENJOYED MY TAME AT OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY.

IT HAS BEEN A GREAT FOUR YEARS.

I PLAN TO ATTEND GRAD SCHOOL NEXT YEAR AND COULDN'T HAVE DONE IT WITHOUT THE FACULTY AT OKLAHOMA STATE.

 

Campus Tree Study and the Value of Trees in the Landscape with former host Steve Dobbs and Chris Martin, Stillwater Urban Forester

>> WE'RE ON THE CAMPUS OF OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY TODAY HERE IN STILLWATER.

AND I'VE GOT A SPECIAL GUEST JOINING ME TODAY.

ACTUALLY, HE'S OUR URBAN FORESTER FOR LANDSCAPE SERVICES, MR. CHRIS MARTIN.

HI, CHRIS.

>> HOW IS IT GOING, STEVE?

>> CHRIS HAS BEEN WITH US GOING ON THREE YEARS NOW I GUESS AND CHRIS HAS DONE A PHENOMENAL JOB AND HIS TITLE AGAIN IS URBAN FORESTER AND A LOT OF FOLKS PROBABLY DON'T THINK ABOUT A URBAN FORESTER FOR A UNIVERSITY.

TELL ME ABOUT YOUR ROYAL.

>> IT INVOLVED MANAGING ALL THE TREES ON CAMPUS, PRUNING, REMOVAL, PLANTING, ANY TIME WE DO A NEW LANDSCAPE I DEAL WITH THE LANDSCAPE CREW TO HELP INSTALL THE TREES.

ANYTHING REVOLVING AROUND TREE CARE, REALLY.

PART OF THAT WAS AN INVENTORY THAT WE DID AS WELL.

>> OF COURSE, CHRIS, YOU KNOW THAT TREES PRETTY MUCH DICTATE EVERYTHING WE DO ON CAMPUS FOR MAINTENANCE AND WE TOOK ON A BIG PROJECT IN INVENTORYING ALL THE TREES ON CAMPUS.

YOU MIGHT TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT WHY WE NEEDED TO DO AN INVENTORY.

>> IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT I THINK.

WHEN I GOT HERE, WE DIDN'T HAVE ONE AND IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT TO KNOW WHAT YOU HAVE.

IT HELPS YOU MANAGE THE TREES.

I WAS A LITTLE SURPRISED WITH SOME OF THE RESULTS.

I KNEW SOME OF THEM LIKE THE CYPRESS WOULD BE SOME OF THE TOP 5 BUT I WAS SURPRISED THE CREPE MYRTLES MADE IT TO NUMBER 6.

YOU NEVER KNOW WHAT YOU HAVE UNTIL YOU DO AN INVENTORY.

IMPORTANT FOR MANAGEMENT.

>> ALSO DIVERSIFICATION.

YOU TALKED ABOUT THE DIFFERENT SPECIES.

WHAT WAS THE TOP SPECIES WE HAD?

>> SHUMARD OAK

BALD CYPRESS

CHINESE PISTACHE

BUR OAK

LACEBARK ELM

>> WHY IS DIVERSIFICATION IMPORTANT?

>> IT IS REALLY IMPORTANT AS YOU'VE SEEN IN THE PAST WITH DUTCH ELM DISEASE AND RECENTLY WITH ASH BORER AND ASIAN LONG HORN BEETLES.

IF INVASIVE COMES IN, IT CAN DESTROY THE URBAN FOREST.

THE INVENTORY IS IMPORTANT FOR THAT.

WE CAN PLANT DIVERSIFIED SPECIES BUT NOT ONLY SPECIES BUT THE AGE CLASS AS WELL SO IT DOESN'T ALL MATURE AT THE SAME TIME.

>> SO NOW WITH OUR FUTURE PLANTINGS, WE KNOW WHAT MAYBE TO PULL BACK ON A LITTLE BIT AND TRY DIFFERENT SPECIES.

SO THAT HAS BEEN GREAT.

I THINK WHAT SURPRISED ME THE MOST

THE VALUE OF OUR TRIES.

TALK ABOUT THAT.

>> YEAH, SO THE TOTAL INVENTORY CAME BACK.

TOOK US THREE YEARS TO DO.

WE USED THE STUDENTS IN FORESTRY.

A LITTLE OVER 2900 TREES.

$9.3 MILLION.

INCLUDING A CAMPUS CANOPY COVERAGE AT 5.2%.

>> THAT IS A LOW NUMBER, IS IT NOT?

TYPICALLY THE GOAL IS WHAT?

>> IT DEPENDS.

I THINK IT IS REGIONAL BUT NORMALLY THEY SAY 30% TO 40%.

EVEN TULSA WOULD HAVE A HIGHER PERCENTAGE THAN WE WOULD BECAUSE OF WHERE WE'RE LOCATED.

>> ACTIVELY TRYING TO PLANT MORE TREES.

>> WE ARE.

>> WE HAPPEN TO BE STANDING BY A TREE IS THAT IS ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR, A BURROW.

CHRIS KNOWS THIS.

WE PROBABLY HAVE MORE WEDDINGS AT THIS SITE THAN ANY PLACE ON CAMPUS BECAUSE OF THIS SPECTACULAR TREATMENT CHRIS, LET'S TALK ABOUT THIS TREE.

IT'S A BURROW.

WHAT WAS ITS VALUE AND WHAT DID YOU FIND ABOUT THIS ONE TREE?

>> A LITTLE OVER $19,000.

YOU CAN TELL BY THE SIZE OF IT, IT'S A VERY LARGE TREE.

YOU KNOW, THE STORM WATER BENEFITS OR REDUCED THE RUNOFF BY $3.30 A YEAR.

DOESN'T SOUND LIKE A LOT BUT THEY HAVE A SPECIAL CALCULATION FOR THAT.

IT'S A GOOD IMPROVEMENT.

SOME OF THE OTHER BENEFITS ARE IT IS 150 POUNDS PER YEAR OF CARBON THAT IT SEQUESTERS, THAT'S A BIG THING NOW WITH CLIMATE CHANGE.

REALLY IMPORTANT AND THAT HELPS H AND THE RUNOFF ON METERS SQUARED IS 1.3 WHICH CALCULATES TO $3.30.

>> HOW TALL IS THIS TREE?

DO YOU REMEMBER?

>> I THINK IT WAS 56 FEET IF I REMEMBER CORRECTLY.

>> AND THE WIDTH?

>> 74 FEET.

>> MUCH WIDER.

>> YES.

AND AGAIN, JUST A BEAUTIFUL SPECIMEN OF A TREE.

NOW, OTHER THING, CHRIS, THAT WE'RE PROUD OF IS WITH ALL OF THIS WORK THAT WEE DONE, WE IMPLEMENTED A TREE CARE PLAN AND WE HAVE GOT A DEDICATED BUDGET AND AGAIN WE KNOW THE INVENTORY SO THAT IN 2012, WE WERE AWARDED THREE CAMPUS U.S.A. STATUS WHICH WAS THE FIRST MAJOR UNIVERSITY IN THE STATE OF OKLAHOMA TO RECEIVE THAT WRECK NICE.

TELL US A LITTLE BIT ABOUT TREE CAMPUS U.S.

>> SET UP BY THE ARBOR DAY FOUNDATION.

THE GOAL IS TO INCREASE THE SUSTAINABILITY AND EDUCATION ABOUT TREES.

AND TO HELP MAINTAIN THEM AND THERE'S FIVE CRITERIA YOU HAVE TO FOLLOW.

ONE IS ARBOR DAY CELEBRATION, DEDICATED BUDGET, DEDICATED TREE PLAN AND A TREE BOARD.

THEN SERVICE LEARNING PROJECT WHICH INVOLVES THE STUDENT.

WE TRY TO TIE THAT AROUND ARBOR DAY OR WEEK AND A DEDICATED THE BUDGET FOR THAT.

>> THIS IS SOMETHING WE HAVE TO APPLY FOR EACH YEAR?

>> YES AND WE FOUND OUT LAST NIGHT WE RECEIVED IT, THE 4th YEAR IN A ROW.

>> VERY GOOD, CHRIS.

IT'S PHENOMENAL THE WORK YOU'VE DONE.

MAN, KEEP UP THE GREAT WORK.

>> YEP, THANK YOU.

 

Grafting Techniques for Vegetable Plants with Professor Bruce Dunn

>> HELLO.

TODAY WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT GRAFTING.

YOU MAY HAVE HEARD THIS TERM BEFORE.

COMBINING TWO DIFFERENT PLANTS INTO ONE SINGLE PLANT.

COMMON IN THE ORNAMENTAL INDUSTRY.

YOU MAY SEE THE TREE ROSES, WEEPING FORMS OF TREES.

COMMON IN THE FRUIT INDUSTRY AS WELL.

YOU MIGHT SEE GRAFTING ON GRAPES OR PECANS.

BUT TODAY I HAVE TOMATOES HERE.

IT'S ALSO IMPORTANT AS FAR AS VEGETABLE INDUSTRY.

KIND OF MORE OF A HOT TOPIC LOOKING AT HAVING ROOTSTALKS THE LOWER PIECE OF THAT GRAFT.

SOMETHING THAT HAS DISEASE RESISTANCE OR ADAPTED TO A CERTAIN SOIL OR CONVICT VIGOROUS ROOT.

AND USING A SCION TOP PART OF YOUR GRAFT, WHAT YOU GET AS FAR AS THE FRUIT.

IF IT'S AN HEIRLOOM VARIETY OR PRODUCING BIG NICE SLICING TOMATOES.

FARCE GRAFTING, YOU'LL SEE THERE ARE SEVERAL DIFFERENT METHODS.

DEPENDS ON THE SIZE OF THE STALK.

IF YOU HAVE A SMALL PLANT HERE, I'VE GOT THESE SEPARATED.

OVER HERE.

OKAY.

THIS IS GOING TO BE THE ROOTSTALK PIECE HERE.

FOR THE SMALLER PIECE HERE, CUT IT RIGHT BELOW.

I JUST CUT IT STRAIGHT ACROSS.

WE CAN USE ONE OF THESE GRAFTING CLIPS HERE.

THEY COME IN DIFFERENT SIZES AS WELL.

YOU REALLY GOT TO KNOW WHAT SIZE MATERIAL, PLANT MATERIAL THAT YOU'RE WORKING WITH.

THESE SMALLER CLIPS ONLY WORK AS WELL ON SMALLER PLANTS.

LARGER CLIPS THAT WE SEE AS FAR AS THE LARGER PLANT MATERIAL.

THAT IS GOING TO BE THE ROOTSTALK PIECE HERE.

I'M GOING TO CUT IT.

SINCE THIS IS STILL PRETTY SMALL, I MIGHT REDUCE IT A LITTLE BIT.

TRIM A COUPLE OF THESE LEAVES OFF OF IT.

GOING TO HELP REDUCE THAT TRANSPRAYERS THAT WILL OCCUR.

OR THAT WATER LOOSE.

ONCE YOU HAVE THAT, YOU HAVE YOUR PIECE.

YOU HAVE YOUR OTHER PIECE CUT HERE.

AND THEN YOU CAN JUST OPEN UP THAT CLIP AND SLIDE IT ON DOWN.

SOAR SHOOTS ONE WAY OF, YOU MIGHT SEE IT AS A TUBE GRAFT HERE W LARGER MATERIAL, SEE HERE, THIS IS MY ROOT STALK ON THIS SIDE.

THIS IS BOXCAR WILLIE AS FAR AS THE HEIRLOOM ON THE TOP.

ANOTHER METHOD WE CAN SEE, DO IT SLICE GRAFT.

WHAT THAT IS, YOU GOT THIS LONG PLANTING SLOPING CUT.

ABOUT 45 DEGREE ANGLE AND THEN AS FAR AS THIS, YOUR SCION PIECE HERE, MAKE THE SAME CUT ON IT.

NOTICE THE LARGER MATERIAL AND AGAIN I WANT TO REDUCE ALL THIS H I DON'T NEED ALL THESE LEAVES ON HERE.

JUST NEED ONE CENTRAL LEAF ON HERE.

ALL RIGHT.

WITH THIS, WE CAN SEE THEN YOU WANT TO MATCH UP THE DIFFERENT ANGLES.

HOPEFULLY, YOU'RE CHOOSING A ROOT STALK ABOUT THE SAME SIZE.

THAT WORKS THE BEST IDEALLY.

SO IF YOU KNOW YOU WANT TO DO GRAFTING AND NOT JUST WORK WITH ONE OR TWO PLANTS, PROBABLY WANT TO PLANT A WHOLE TRAY.

YOU CAN CHOOSE BETWEEN THEM AND SEE WHICH WORKS BEST.

PUT THAT CLIP ON THERE.

THAT WORKED PRETTY WELL.

WITH THIS, WHENEVER YOU PUT THAT CLIP ON THERE, MAKE SURE THE UNION DIDN'T MOVE.

MAKE SURE YOU HAVE THAT GOT CONTACT IN THERE AND WE'RE TRYING TO LINE UP THE LAYERS.

WHAT I SHOWED WAS A SOLUTION.

YOU CAN ALSO DO ONE THAT IS SIMILAR TO THAT SLICE IN CUTTING IT DOWN AT AN ANGLE.

THIS ONE.

AT AN ANGLE.

AND THEN THIS TIME, I'LL ACTUALLY COME BACK IN HERE.

THIS WILL BE THE TONGUE PIECE.

YOU MAY HAVE HEARD OF A WHIP AND TONGUE.

SO THAT JUST ADDS A TONGUE PIECE.

WE CAN DO THE SAME FOR THIS ONE.

I'M GOING ABOUT A THIRD FROM THE TOP THAT HAVE CUT.

MAY END UP BEING ABOUT HALF THE SIZE OF THIS MATERIAL.

AGAIN, WITH THIS, YOU TRY TO PUT THE PIECE ON THE ROOT STALK WITH ALL  THIS LEAVES IT IS GOING TO FALL OVER.

IT WILL ALSO TRANSPIRE.

PROBABLY DRY OUT BEFORE IT HAS TIME TO CALLOUS OVER AND TALK.

FROM THIS PIECE HERE, WE CAN SEE.

SLIDE IN HERE LIKE THAT.

WE'LL PUT ANOTHER GRAFTING CLIP ON THAT.

SO THIS IS THE WHIP AND TONGUE METHOD.

WHEN YOU DO THESE, YOU WANT TO WORK AS FAST AS POSSIBLE.

YOU DON'T WANT TO CUT AND GO DO SOMETHING AND COME BACK TO IT.

THIS MATERIAL WILL DRY OUT PRETTY FAST.

THE LAST ONE I'LL SHOW YOU HERE, PRETTY EVEN SIZE ROOT STALK AND SCION PIECE.

FOR THIS ONE HERE, I'M GOING TO CUT IT STRAIGHT ACROSS.

IN THIS CASE I'M GOING TO COME BACK AND DIVIDE THIS RIGHT IN HALF AND THIS ONE HERE, THIS IS THE SCION PIECE.

CUT IT.

ACTUALLY REDUCE IT AGAIN.

THEN IN THIS CASE, WE NEED TO FORM A WEDGE THAT WILL GO INSIDE.

THEN USUALLY I MAKE ANOTHER CUT, COME BACK AND EVEN OUT THAT BOTTOM PIECE SO THAT YOU END UP WITH THIS WEDGE PIECE.

FIND A CLIP FOR IT.

SQUARE IT UP WITH THE BASE.

AGAIN, THIS ONE HERE YOU SHOULD END UP WITH A FLAT HEAD SCREWDRIVER ON THE TOP AND THIS WEDGE BASE AT THE BOTTOM OF IT.

ALL RIGHT.

ONCE YOU HAVE YOUR GRAFT THAT YOU'RE WORKING WITH, AGAIN, YOU DON'T WANT TO LEAVE THESE OUT VERY LONG W THESE, I'M GOING TO SET THEM INSIDE.

THEY CONTAINER HERE.

YOU WANT TO BE CAREFUL.

YOU DON'T WANT TO GRAB THEM BY THE TOPS OR ANYTHING.

AGAIN, YOU JUST BARELY HOLD THEM ONE THOSE CLIPS.

I HAVE A TRASH BAG HERE.

YOU WANT TO PUT THIS IN A HIGH HUMIDITY ENVIRONMENT.

IF WE LEFT THEM OUT LIKE THIS ON A HOT DAY LIKE IT WAS, IN 15 MINUTES, THESE WILL WILT OVER.

I'VE GOT A SPRAY BOTTLE HERE.

I'M GOING TO GIVE THEM A LIGHT MISTING.

AND I'M ALSO GOING TO SPRAY THIS BACK DOWN AS WELL.

THAT SHOULD GIVE MY THIS HIGH HUMIDITY ENVIRONMENT.

OKAY.

SO THE IDEA HERE IS AGAIN WE LEIGH IT IN, PUT THIS.

YOU DON'T WANT IT IN DIRECT SUNLIGHT.

YOU WANT IT INDIRECT.

UNDER A TABLE OR IN A CABINET.

BASICALLY IT NEEDS THIS DARK ENVIRONMENT FOR ABOUT 7 DAYS.

AT THAT POINT, THIS GRAFT SHOULD START TO HEAL WHERE THAT GRAFT UNION IS.

YOU CAN SLOWLY ACCLIMATE IT.

CHECK THIS TO MAKE SURE IT IS A HIGH HUMIDITY ENVIRONMENT.

YOU SHOULD SEE WATER BUILD UP ON THE EDGE OF IT.

HOPEFULLY THEN AFTER A WEEK, YOU MOVE IT OUT AND GIVE IT MORE LIGHT AND MOVE IT ON IN.

HOPEFULLY, YOU'LL HAVE A GOOD SUCCESSFUL GRAFT AS FAR AS THE VEGETABLES.

TODAY WE DID, WORK WITH TOMATOES.

ALSO COMMON IF YOU'RE WORKING WITHIN SPECIES IF YOU WANT TO TRY DIFFERENT TOMATO CULTIVARS BUT ALSO CASES YOU'LL SEE WHERE YOU CAN TRY WORKING WITHIN THE SAME FAMILY, GRAFTING TOMATOES ON TO PEPPERS OR YOU CAN EVEN FIND CRAZY GRASS OUT THERE AS FAR AS TOMATOES AND POTATOES.

A LOT OF GRAFTING IF YOU THINK OF ALL THE MELONS AS WELL.

GENERALLY THE REASON FOR GRAFTING THIS IS TO TRY TO USE VIGOROUS ROOT STALK TO INCREASE FRUIT PRODUCTION OR DISEASE RESISTANCE.

ANY KIND OF VIRUS OR WILT DISEASES.

>>ANNOUNCER: HERE'S ONE OF THE GREAT GARDENING ACTIVITIES COMING UP IN OKLAHOMA.

NEXT WEEK, WE'RE WORKING ON THE HEART SCAPES.

DAVID HILLOCK VISIT BUCKLEY STICKS AND STONES TO LOOK AT THE DIFFERENT ROCK AVAILABLE FOR LANDSCAPE PROJECTS AND HOW TO PURCHASE THE ROCK WHEN YOU'RE READY TO START.

PAIN COUNTY EXTENSION HORTICULTURALIST HAS METHOD TO KEEP YOUR PROJECTS ON THE LEVEL.

MIKE MILLER GETS OUR POND READY FOR THE SEASON AND STEVE DOBBS AND CHRIS MARTIN ARE BACK TO TALK ABOUT THE INTERACTIVE PLANT LABELS ON THE OSU STILLWATER CAMPUS.

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